abrasion, abrasive


abrasion, abrasive
   Abrasion is the action or technique of wearing away a surface by friction, and can be a means of shaping solid forms. An abrasive is any substance which wears down a surface by rubbing against it. Abrasives are available in many forms, including powders, compounds, papers, wheels or disks, brushes, belts, and more, each most appropriate for certain applications. Sandpapers and grinding disks and wheels, for instance, have abrasive surfaces used to wear down surfaces, or to smooth out rough ones. Wear safety glasses!To wear down by rubbing is to abrade. Also see <>, carving, corundum, emery, finish, glass, mark, metal, polish, pumice, rottenstone, rouge, and wood.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • Abrasion — may refer to: *Abrasion (medical), a wound consisting of superficial damage to the skin *Abrasion (dental), the loss of tooth structure by mechanical forces from a foreign element *Abrasion (geology), mechanical scraping of a rock surface by… …   Wikipedia

  • ABRASION (USINAGE PAR) — ABRASION USINAGE PAR L’usinage par abrasion est un usinage par enlèvement de matériau sous forme de copeaux minuscules arrachés par les arêtes vives d’un grand nombre de grains abrasifs. L’usinage par abrasion est une technique très ancienne, qui …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ABRASION MARINE — Forme de l’érosion marine qui se caractérise par un grattage superficiel attaquant la roche en place ou les grosses particules libres, l’abrasion marine est surtout active au voisinage du niveau de la mer. La mer, par le seul mouvement de l’eau,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abrasion (BDSM) — Abrasion as a human sexual practice involves sexual arousal from contact with abrasive substances. This can be person to person as in a harsh rubbing of the skin known as a dutch rub or with various substances such as scratchy wool or thistles.… …   Wikipedia

  • Abrasive — Ab*ra sive, a. Producing abrasion. Ure. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abrasive — [ə brā′siv, ə brā′ziv] adj. [< L abrasus, pp. of abradere, ABRADE + IVE] 1. causing abrasion 2. tending to provoke anger, ill will, etc.; aggressively annoying; irritating n. something that is used for grinding, polishing, etc., as sandpaper… …   English World dictionary

  • Abrasive — An abrasive is a material, often a mineral, that is used to shape or finish a workpiece through rubbing which leads to part of the workpiece being worn away. While finishing a material often means polishing it to gain a smooth, reflective surface …   Wikipedia

  • abrasive — abrasively, adv. abrasiveness, n. /euh bray siv, ziv/, n. 1. any material or substance used for grinding, polishing, etc., as emery, pumice, or sandpaper. adj. 2. tending to abrade; causing abrasion; abrading. 3. tending to annoy or cause ill… …   Universalium

  • abrasive — {{11}}abrasive (adj.) 1805, from L. abras , pp. stem of abradere (see ABRASION (Cf. abrasion)) + IVE (Cf. ive). Figurative sense of tending to provoke anger is first recorded 1925. Related: Abrasively; abrasiveness. {{12}}abrasive (n.) an… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Abrasive blasting — Sandblasting a stone wall Diesel powered compressor used as an air supply for sandblasting …   Wikipedia